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Global access to cooling gaps and 2030 forecast

Chilling Prospects 2022

Chapter 1

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Chilling Prospects 2022 shows us that the risks to people, products and the planet are growing, with the risk from a lack of access to cooling rising again compared to last year. This chapter summarizes global access to cooling risks, assesses populations at risk in high impact countries and non-high-impact countries [1], and provides a forecast for access to cooling in 2030 using SDG-based scenarios.  

The data in this report make it clear: equitable economies, access to sustainable energy, and just, inclusive clean energy transitions are only possible with sustainable cooling for all.

Global access to cooling gaps

This section examines global cooling-access gaps among 54 high-impact countries and the high-temperature regions of 22 countries not considered high impact. More

Populations at risk in the 54 high-impact countries for access to cooling

Populations at risk in countries not considered high impact

The 2022 analysis found that across the 22 countries not considered high impact, but with regions that have extreme heat hazards, an additional 166.3 million people are estimated to be at risk due to a lack of access to affordable, sustainable cooling solutions. More

Projections of access to cooling in 2030

For the first time, Chilling Prospects 2022 forecasts scenarios for populations at risk through to 2030. More

The role of other goals and commitments on sustainable cooling

Achieving universal electricity access (SDG7.1.1) and eradicating extreme poverty (SDG1.1) by 2030 will be critical in reducing the number of people at high risk due to a lack of access to cooling. More

Chilling Prospects 2022 Special: Delivering Cooling for All, SDG7 and Climate Action

Published in November 2022, this analysis dives deeper into how progress towards SDG 7.2 (renewable energy) and SDG 7.3 (energy efficiency) can reduce the number of people at risk and support achieving SDG13 (climate action). More

Notes and references

High-impact countries

High-impact countries are those expected to experience sustained high temperatures, which also have significant populations at high risk from a lack of access to cooling due to poverty and electricity access gaps.

Algeria, Angola, Argentina, Bangladesh, Benin, Bolivia, Brazil, Burkina Faso, Cambodia, Cameroon, Chad, China, Congo, Rep., Cote d'Ivoire, Djibouti, Dominican Republic, Egypt, Eritrea, Eswatini, Gambia, The; Ghana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, India, Indonesia, Iran, Iraq, Lao PDR, Liberia, Malawi, Mali, Mauritania, Morocco, Mozambique, Myanmar, Namibia, Niger, Nigeria, Pakistan Papua New Guinea, Paraguay, Peru, Philippines, Senegal, Somalia, South Sudan, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Thailand, Timor-Leste, Togo, Uganda, Vietnam, Yemen

Non-high-impact countries

The 22 countries with high-temperature regions: Afghanistan, Belize, Bhutan, Central African Republic, Colombia, Ecuador, El Salvador, Ethiopia, Georgia, Guatemala, Honduras, Jordan, Lebanon, Mexico, Nepal, Sierra Leone, West Bank and Gaza, Syrian Arab Republic, Turkey, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan, Venezuela RB