Understanding Sustainable Development Goal 7 (SDG7)

Sustainable Development Goal 7 (SDG7) calls for “affordable, reliable, sustainable and modern energy for all” by 2030. It’s three core targets are the foundation for our work:

  • Ensure universal access to affordable, reliable and modern energy services

  • Increase substantially the share of renewable energy in the global energy mix

  • Double the global rate of improvement in energy efficiency

From job creation to economic development, from security concerns to the full empowerment of women, energy lies at the heart of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) - agreed to by the world’s leaders in September 2015 as part of the 2030 Agenda. Further information on SDGs.

As we enter the Decade of Action and 10 years to go, we are off-track to achieve SDG7. About 789 million people – over 10 percent of the world’s population – currently live without access to electricity. The situation is more dire for clean cooking with about 2.8 billion people – 30% of the world’s population – lacking access. The world has made some progress on the energy transition front with a steady increase in the share of renewables, but with progress much too slow, particularly for modern renewables. A similar scenario can be seen with energy efficiency where the world continues to make progress, but at a pace that is slower than what is required to achieve SDG7.