Understanding SDG 7
From job creation to economic development, from security concerns to the full empowerment of women, energy lies at the heart of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) - agreed to by the world’s leaders in September 2015 as part of the 2030 Agenda.
How we produce and use energy is also pivotal to the 2015 Paris Agreement on climate change, in which 195 nations agreed to reduce global carbon pollution to levels that will limit global temperature rise to well below 2° Celsius.
In the words of former UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon, “Energy is the golden thread that connects economic growth, increased social equity, and an environment that allows the world to thrive."
Yet just under 1 billion people in the world today have no access to electricity, and roughly 3 times that number use dirty cooking fuels. SDG7 sets out to change these numbers.
SDG7 calls for “affordable, reliable, sustainable and modern energy for all” by 2030. Its 3 core targets are the foundation for our work.
Goal 7 target areas
Access to energy
Access to clean energy helps reduce poverty, improve health and education. Yet, nearly 1 billion people worldwide can not access electricity. SDG7 aims to close this gap by 2030.
To accelerate our transition to a sustainable energy future and meet SDG7 targets, we must double the global share of renewable energy by 2030.
The rate of energy efficiency improvement must double by 2030 to meet SDG7 targets. Achieving this goal will save consumers money, improve business results and foster economic growth.
To achieve SDG7 targets for sustainable energy for all, we need investment – in on- and off-grid renewable energy, clean cooking , building and appliance design, and low-carbon transport infrastructure.
Technology enables innovations that are key to meeting SDG7 targets – achieving universal energy access, facilitating the energy transition, energy efficiency and a more sustainable mix of energy systems.