Global energy demand is being driven by population growth and increased urbanization. Technological advances can help us unlock capacity for cleaner, more affordable and sustainable energy. We have seen improvements in the consumer market, with electric vehicles, energy-efficient building design, rechargeable batteries and extended-life light-bulbs. Technology can also help us with wider advances in systems for more efficient and equitable energy access. For example, improved geospatial mapping can help us better understand where off-grid consumers are, and renewable energy resource mapping can point us to the best locations for solar and wind generation. Technology offers communities the opportunity to leverage energy access for productive economic use. But we must constantly keep pace with and harness technological change to maximize these and other benefits in meeting our energy needs.
Several of our interventions examine how innovative technology can be used to meet Sustainable Development Goal 7 (SDG7) targets. Our Cooling for All work aims to find solutions to help the 1.1 billion people worldwide who face health risks due to lack of cooling. As transport consumes around 19% of global energy use, our Energy and Transport work promotes access to sustainable and energy-efficient transport for the world's poorest citizens through use of appropriate technology. To enhance energy access, our Electricity for All in Africa intervention looks at deployment of mini-grid and off-grid energy solutions using sustainable energy technologies. In our Big Markets for Clean Fuels intervention, we look at technology to deliver solutions for the 3 billion people around the world who still do not have access to clean cooking. We also support stakeholder coalitions that champion technology innovation to accelerate the transition to a global clean energy economy.